In the event of an accident or stroke, the first thing to do is call the corresponding emergency number, as every minute that passes is vital. After this, there are a couple of suggestions that we should follow First aid in a Heart Stroke.
An accident or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is due to a haemorrhage in the brain, or it can also occur when the blood flow does not circulate adequately to this organ. As a result, after a few minutes, the brain starts to fail because neurons do not get the essential nutrients.
If a person has suffered an accident or stroke, you should seek immediate medical attention, as it is a serious emergency. The sooner the treatment is administered, the more likely it is to minimize the damage.
In the case where you are facing a possible stroke, use the ” FAST ” test to remember the warning signs :
- Face (Face): Does the person’s face fall from one side when he tries to smile?
- Arms (Arms): An arm is lower when the individual tries to lift both ends?
- Speech (Speech): Can the person repeat a simple sentence? Is it babbling or is it difficult to understand?
- Time (Time): During a stroke, every minute is important. Call the emergency number immediately.
In addition to these symptoms, there are other characteristic signs of a stroke that occur suddenly. Some of them are:
- Weakness or numbness on one side of the body.
- Blurred vision or loss of vision, particularly of only one eye.
- Strong headache without apparent cause.
- Dizziness, instability or fainting.
First aid in case of heart attack
If the person is unconscious and does not respond when touched or spoken to, they should be placed on their backs and their chins raised with one hand. You also have to check if you breathe by bringing your ear to your mouth, listening to your chest and feeling your breath. In the case where you do not breathe, you must proceed to do the resuscitation process.
The CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when we have a victim in cardiac arrest. It must be said that sometimes it is necessary to do a first aid course to know what manoeuvres should be applied. However, knowing the basic techniques of CPR will be useful for everyone, since an emergency of these characteristics can happen at the most unexpected moment and everyone can be a victim.
The RCP consists of two phases that alternate:
- Chest compressions: These maintain blood circulation.
- Breathing mouth to mouth: With it, oxygen is delivered to the victim.
First, we will do the chest compressions so that the blood continues to flow through the organs. To do this, we should kneel next to the patient and place the heel of the hands – the carpus – in the centre of the victim’s chest. Afterwards, the heel of the other hand should be placed over the first hand and the fingers should be intertwined. With a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute, we will do 30 compressions.
Next, we have to do mouth-to-mouth breathing or rescue insufflations. Two should be done and see how the chest is inflated to assess what we are doing correctly.
You may be interested in reading: Tips for acting at work in a cardiac emergency
What not to do before a stroke?
Many times, in order to help the victim, we do things that make the situation worse. We should not try to calm the symptoms seen previously since we will be wasting time if it is signs of an accident or stroke. Also, we should not give any type of food or drink to the person who may be going through a potential cardiovascular accident. First aid in a Heart Stroke
How to prevent an accident or a stroke?
As always when it comes to health, prevention is a fundamental factor. Some risk factors for a stroke are:
- Have high blood pressure.
- Having had a stroke before.
- Have diabetes of any kind.
- Suffer from heart disease.
First aid in a Heart Stroke
Therefore, the main way to prevent strokes will be to avoid the risk factors that we mentioned before and also other harmful practices. For example, in addition to avoiding tobacco, it is advisable not to abuse alcohol or self-medicate.
In addition, it is also suggested to maintain a healthy weight, do daily physical activity -of at least 30 minutes- and eat a balanced diet. Another advice is to control blood pressure frequently, as well as glucose levels and blood cholesterol.
As a final recommendation, First aid in a Heart Stroke it is good to perform an annual medical check-up or every six months for the elderly. In the case that the doctor has indicated a treatment, it must be complied with as it was indicated.